Lavender essential oil is obtained from Lavandula angustifolia and is also known as Lavandula of the Lamiaceae family. Some of its common names are-garden, common and English lavender. The word has been derived from the Latin word ‘lavera’ which means ‘to wash.’ Lavender is an evergreen woody shrub that is 1 meter high and has gray-green narrow linear leaves. Lavender with its most beautiful purple-blue flowers, usually grow on a long stem and some of its varities are found in the wild Mediterranean region. The Lavender oil is derived from the flowering tops through steam distillation the process and yields 1.4 – 1.6 %. It is one of the most versatile oils and is handy to have around the house, as it can be wiely be used for variety of problems. This oil has a light fresh aroma, is clear in color and because it has amazing qualities it smells great.
- Lavender oil has a soothing effect on the nerves and is very effective for headaches, migraines and insomnia.
- The oil is very beneficial for curing some major problems like-bronchitis, asthma, colds, laryngitis, halitosis and throat infections.
- Lavender oil tones and revitalizes the skin and is useful for curing the skin problems such as- abscesses, acne, oily skin, boils, burns, sunburn, wounds and many more.
- It relieves the pain especially when used for rheumatism, arthritis, lumbago and muscular aches.
It contains (0.5–1.5% ) volatile oil, pulegone (40%), menthol (18%), menthone (12%), linalyl acetate (ca. 40%)and camphor (40–60%)
Lavender essential oil has plethora of therapatic properties such as- antiseptic, analgesic, anti-convulsant, anti-depressant, anti-rheumatic, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, bactericide, carminative, cholagogue, cicatrisant, cordial and vulnerary.